单价选择性阳离子交换膜的研究进展
作者:李健1,徐燕青1.阮慧敏12,沈江南12,高从堦12
单位: 1浙江工业大学海洋学院,浙江 杭州 310014;
关键词: 单价选择性阳离子交换膜;表面改性;电渗析;选择性
分类号: O658.6+8
出版年,卷(期):页码: 2015,35(3):113-120

摘要:
随着离子交换膜技术在工业生产的广泛应用,对于具有特殊性能的离子交换膜需求日益增加。单价选择性离子交换膜作为膜分离行业的新生力量,能实现电渗析过程中一、二价离子的高效分离。本文总结了国内外单价选择性阳离子交换膜的发展历史,探讨了单价阳离子交换膜的制备方法,重点比较了电沉积表面改性、光化学反应表面改性和浸渍法改性法优缺点。并进一步分析了单价选择性阳离子交换膜存在的限制因素和其广阔的应用前景。
 As ion exchange membranes are widely used in industrial production, membranes with special properties are in increasing demand. Monovalent cation selective membranes as a newly emerging technology play an important role in membrane separation industry. It will make a contribution to decrease the leakage of multivalent while applying in electrodialysis. This paper introduces the history of domestic and foreign monovalent cation selective membrane, explores the methods to prepare it. In addition, the advantages and disadvantages of electro-deposition modification, photochemical reaction modification and immersing modification are compared. Further analysis of the constraining factor of monovalent cation selective membrane and its broad application prospects are discussed.

基金项目:
逆向电渗析海水盐差能膜组件设计和应用关键技术研究(2013R403045), 单价选择性阳离子交换膜的制备研究及在海水制盐中的应用(Y201432085)

作者简介:
李健(1990-),男,江苏扬州人,硕士研究生,从事膜分离技术研究。E-mail:li4753628@126.com 沈江南(1976-),男,浙江人,博士后,副教授,从事膜分离技术研究。E-mail: shenjn@zjut.edu.cn

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