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直流电场对凝胶型膜污染层的作用
作者:张姣 李天玉 关晶 黄霞 
单位:清华大学环境学院环境模拟与污染控制国家重点实验室 清华大学(环境学院)-北京碧水源科技股份有限公司环境膜技术研发中心 北京100084 
关键词:电场 膜污染 凝胶层 上清液 
分类号:
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,38(3):9-15
摘要:

 膜污染制约着膜技术的发展与应用,形成膜污染的物质多带有负电荷,理论上电场可有效控制膜污染形成和发展本研究采用富含形成凝胶污染物质的膜生物反应器上清液为过滤原液,考察直流电场对形成中和形成后的污染层的作用研究发现对形成中的膜污染层,膜通量随电压强度的升高而升高;而对已形成的膜污染层,则需要合适的电压和通电时间以提高其膜通量。对膜污染层的结构和成分的分析表明,电场可使膜表面凝胶层的交联度降低、孔隙率增大,从而有效降低凝胶类污染但高电压15 V水的电解会导致已形成的膜污染层沉积大量颗粒沉淀而使得膜通量快速下降。

 Development and application of membrane technologies were restricted by fouling. Foulants were majorly negatively charged, thus, electric field could theoretically effectively suppress the formation and evolution of fouling. In this study, membrane-bioreactor supernatant, which contained great amount of foulants to form gel-type fouling during filtration, were adopted as the feed water; and the effect of a direct electric field on both developing and developed fouling layer were investigated respectively. It was observed that the flux during the fouling layer formation increased with the increment of voltage, while specific voltage and time could increase the flux of a fouled membrane. The analysis of the structure and component of the fouling layer illustrated that gel-type fouling layer would be loosen thereby the porosity were increased. But large number of precipitates were observed on the fouled membrane surface due to electrolysis of water under high voltage (15 V), which led to an advanced reduction of flux.

基金项目:
科技部国际科技创新合作重点专项(No. 2016YFE0118500)
作者简介:
张姣(1987-),女,山西阳泉人,博士,清华大学环境学院博士后,从事膜法水处理与再生水回用相关研究。E-mail:zhangjiao@tsinghua.edu.cn。*通讯作者,E-mail:xhuang@tsinghua.edu.cn
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