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聚乙二醇添加剂对氢氧化镁/聚醚砜杂化膜结构和性能的影响
作者:崔莎莎 韩森建 毛丽莉 王海增 
单位:中国海洋大学化学化工学院 海洋化学工程与技术教育部重点实验室 青岛266100 
关键词:聚乙二醇 纳米氢氧化镁 杂化膜 亲水性 抗污染 
分类号:TQ028.8;TB383.2
出版年,卷(期):页码:2019,39(1):1-8
摘要:

 聚醚砜(PES为成膜聚合物,聚乙二醇-400PEG-400)为分散剂,采用相转化法,原位生成纳米氢氧化镁(Mg(OH)2),成功制备出具有高渗透性能且抗污的有机-无机杂化膜。本文详细研究PEG-400对杂化膜的结构及性能的影响,通过红外光谱证实纳米Mg(OH)2的原位生成,采用电镜表征膜的微观结构,并且对杂化膜的渗透性能截留率、接触角、孔隙率及抗污性能进行测试。结果表明,PEG-400不仅影响制备膜的孔道结构,且利用其分子链中的氧原子Mg2+配位,促进Mg2+在高分子体系的分散,减少纳米粒子在相转化过程的团聚。当添加PEG-400的质量分数为8%时,改性的Mg(OH)2/PES杂化膜的性能最佳:纯水通量达到188.39 L/m2·h,对BSA截留率为98%,通量恢复率为80%

 Magnesium hydroxide(Mg(OH)2)/ Polyethersulfone (PES) organic-inorganic hybrid membrane was prepared through phase inversion method, mentioning that Mg(OH)2 was in-suit synthesized. Using polyethylene glycol (PEG-400) as a dispersant, the Mg(OH)2/PES hybrid membrane presents high performance of permeability and anti-fouling. FTIR and SEM analysis were performed, and the permeation flux, BSA retention rate, the surface hydrophilicity, porosity, and antifouling property of the membrane were investigated. The results indicated that not only PEG-400 can affect the pore structure of the prepared membrane, but also the oxygen atoms of PEG-400 can coordinate with the Mg2+, which promoted the dispersion of Mg2+ in the polymer system, and reduced the agglomeration of the nanoparticles. Additionally, taking all the tested performance into consideration, when the dosage of PEG 400 was 8%, the hybrid Mg(OH)2/PES membrane had the best performance: pure water flux was 188 L/(m2·h), rejection rate was 98%, and recovery flux ratio was 80.56%.

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