部分氟化嵌段型阴离子交换膜的制备
作者:吴虹月,杨谦, 张秋根,朱爱梅,刘庆林
单位: 厦门大学 化学化工学院,福建省厦门市 361000
关键词: 部分氟化;嵌段型;阴离子交换膜;燃料电池
分类号: TQ 028.8
出版年,卷(期):页码: 2020,40(4):1-8

摘要:
本工作以接枝α,α’-二溴对二甲苯的氟化芳香族链段作为大分子引发剂,在链的末端引发烯烃聚合,合成了三嵌段聚合物。然后在脂肪族链段接枝季铵型侧链进行功能化,制备出部分氟化的嵌段型阴离子交换膜。表征结果显示,由于嵌段间的亲疏水性差异,膜内形成明显的微相分离。其中,膜FPAE-PVBC-QA-20 (IEC=1.51 mmol/g) 在80 °C下离子电导率达到87.8 mS/cm;浸泡于80 °C、2 mol/L NaOH溶液中500 h后仍保留74.5 %的离子电导率,具有良好的耐碱性;单电池功率密度达到了131.7 mW/cm2。
The preparation of anion exchange membranes with good alkali stability and high ionic conductivity is the focus of current research. In this work, tri-block polymers were synthesized by using fluorinated aromatic blocks grafted with α, α'-dibromo-p-xylene as macromolecular initiators to initiate the polymerization of olefins at the end of chains. Subsequently, a quaternized side chain was grafted on the aliphatic block for functionalization to prepare partially fluorinated block-type anion exchange membranes. The characterization shows that significant microphase separation structures are formed in the membranes, due to the difference in hydrophilicity and hydrophobicity between the blocks. Among them, the membrane FPAE-PVBC-QA-20 (IEC = 1.51 mmol/g) has an ionic conductivity of 87.8 mS/cm at 80 ° C. Moreover, it retains 74.5% of initial ionic conductivity after being immersed in a 2 M NaOH solution at 80 ° C for 500 h and exhibits good alkali resistance. The power density of single cell reaches 131.7 mW/cm2.

基金项目:
国家自然基金面上项目(21878252 & 21736009)

作者简介:
第一作者简介:吴虹月(1995-),女,福建省南平市人,在读硕士研究生,主要从事功能膜材料的制备 通讯作者简介:刘庆林,Email:qlliu@xmu.edu.cn

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